Sometimes the apt-get may not work, it is often caused by the misspelled sources list. In most cases, you can fix it by yourself.
In this guide, I will tell you where is sources list, and how to fix it.
Where is sources list
Sources list is located at “/etc/apt/” (File System->etc->apt), the main sources list is “sources.list”. And there will be other sources list under /etc/apt/sources.list.d/, all valid list should be end with “.list”.
How does sources list look like
If you open your sources.list, a typical line will look like this:
deb http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu natty main restricted
It is called an “Entry”, sources list is consists of a numbers of entries.
Every entry is made by four sections, these sections are separated by “space”. I used different color to distinguish difference sections.
The first section is represent the “Entry type”. “deb” means the list contains deb packages. Another value is “deb-src”, it means the deb packages’ source code.
The second section is the URL, it must be accessible.
The third is distribution code name, it depends on your current distribituion.
The forth section is the “components”, it can be several items.
So a complete and valid source entry will look like this:
- Type: must be “deb” or “deb-src”
- URL: must be an accessible url
- Code name: “karmic”, “lucid”, “maverick” or ther Ubuntu code names.
- Component name: if the entry is PPA, so it will always be “main”.
Now you know how to fix the sources list! Open your terminal, try to edit and correct it with root like this:
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list (or other path)
If you have any other problem, please leave a comment to let me know.